BBC World News 2016 08 31 Harley Shaiken Captioned


>>You’re watching BBC World News, and this
is our main headline: The US republican presidential candidate, Donald
Trump, says he’s on his way to Mexico. He’s going
to meet Enrique Pena-Nieto, the country’s president, in a private meeting later this
Wednesday. Well, there’s an invitation here accepted
from President Nieto. Professor Harley Shaiken is head of the Latin
American Center at the University of California in Berkeley. We can speak to him now. Professor, what was your reaction when
you heard this news? It only came out a couple of hours ago.>>Well, as you know, this has been a very
unusual political year in the United States. My immediate reaction is just when I thought
I had seen it all, this was very, very different. There are many places I thought Donald Trump
might be on Wednesday, but Mexico City was not one of them.>>What is he going to say to Mr. Pena-Nieto
that will appease the Mexican people after everything he has said, much
of which has actually been fairly offensive to
Mexican people?>>He is widely reviled in Mexico. In fact, pinatas which you hit with a bat
to break open in his image are a very hot seller
across the country. His challenge is there are
many things he could say to President Pena-Nieto, but he needs to say something to him
that won’t alienate a core part of his base in the United States. That’s a much narrower set
of options. I suspect he will seek to appear presidential,
maintain a cordial personal demeanor, but a tough line, and use that to
show later in the day when he gives his immigration speech, he knows how to speak
with the president. Just the existence of the
meeting gives him a bit of stature.>>Professor, can you think back to recent
history, go back as far as you care to, but when was the last time a president won
an election without the majority of the Latino vote in the United States?>>Well, that’s possible to do. Actually, President George W. Bush won without
a majority of the vote. The vote was significantly smaller in 2000
and 2004, but he got over 40 percent of the vote. His successors since then, whether John McCain
or Mitt Romney, that vote slid precipitously. Mitt Romney to around 27 percent of the vote
caused enormous alarm in the republican establishment. And a report written after his presidential
loss that the republicans urgently need to reach out
to the Latino vote, the largest, the fastest growing vote in the United States. And Donald Trump has gotten the nomination
by going in precisely the opposite direction.>>Latin America doesn’t generally have military
dictatorships anymore. In fact,
I can’t think of a single one. In the 1970s and eighties they seemed to be
everywhere. Has
that part of the American continent, South America, diminished in importance to American
security in term of its sphere of influence.>>I think it’s still a very critical area,
but in reality, it is — does not have a high political profile or a lot of attention within
the United States, particularly among republicans. It is a question of real neglect where the
geography is immutable. The countries of Latin
America are the neighbors of the United States. They are not really on the political agenda
until Donald Trump, in effect, by making immigration in a very hostile attitude towards
undocumented immigration, or really immigration more generally, a center piece of his
campaign which actually won the republican nomination.>>Professor Harley Shaiken, I must say very
interesting to hear your thoughts. And thanks for sharing them with us here on
BBC World News.>>Thank you.

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