Future Space News of 2018


[♪ INTRO] Congratulations! You have made it almost all of the way through
2017. There are moments where it felt like maybe
we wouldn’t. Next year in space news, we’ve got a lot
to look forward to, from rockets launching, to spacecraft arriving at their destinations,
to missions coming to an end. And like we do around this time every year,
we wanted to give you a sneak peek. There are three missions that you can expect
to hear more about in 2018. In late November, Mars will receive another
visitor: NASA’s InSight mission, which will likely launch in May. It’ll land on Mars to study its interior to learn more about how
the rocky planets formed. All the rocky planets in our solar system
have similar interior structures, with separate layers including a crust, mantle, and core. While scientists know the basics of how these
layers formed, how they separated is still poorly understood. But Mars happens to be an ideal size to study
how that happened. It’s massive enough to have experienced
most, if not all, of those fundamental processes, but not so massive that it lost evidence of
them through years of geologic activity, which is what happened to Earth. InSight will be studying the basic properties
of Mars’s layers, like their size, thickness, density, and composition, as well as how heat
flows through them. It’ll also monitor seismic activity, the
rate of meteorite impacts, and how Mars wobbles due to the gravity of its moons and the Sun. One of its three instruments will also hammer
a probe 5 meters into Mars’ surface, much further down than any mission before it. InSight was originally meant to launch in
2016, but engineers found a leak during testing, so it missed its launch window. And it took another 26 months for the Earth
and Mars to line up for another shot. Thankfully, InSight passed its most recent
battery of tests this past November, so now it’ll be ready to launch in just a few months. Speaking of delayed missions, the finalists
of Google’s Lunar X-PRIZE have a new deadline: March 31, 2018. This competition was announced back in 2007,
and a year ago, five finalists were selected to compete for the 20 million dollar grand
prize. To win, a team has to land a spacecraft on
the Moon, move it at least 500 meters, and transmit a variety of data, including videos,
a panorama, and an email and text message. The projects have to be almost entirely funded
by private investors, and it has to happen by the end of March. Piece of cake, right? The five final teams are Israel’s SpaceIL,
the US’s Moon Express, India’s TeamIndus, Japan’s HAKUTO, and the international team
Synergy Moon. SpaceIL would be the first group from Israel
to land on the Moon, and if they win, they’ve promised to donate the prize money to advance
STEM education in their country. To travel the required distance on the Moon,
their lander will perform a “space hop.” They’ll land, take off again, then land
500 meters away. Moon Express is also performing a space hop. They have a contract with the company Rocket
Lab and will launch from New Zealand, traveling on a rocket that only had its first launch
last May. Synergy Moon, on the other hand, is the only
team that can completely send itself all on its own to the Moon, since one of companies
involved builds and launches its own rockets. Meanwhile, HAKUTO and TeamIndus will hitch
the same ride to space aboard a rocket from ISRO,
India’s space agency. HAKUTO’s four-kilogram rover
has 3D printed wheels and is built out of plastic
reinforced with carbon fiber. And TeamIndus’s rover, called ECA for short,
might be the most adorable of the bunch. It even has its own comic strip on the team’s
website. They’re planning to land in the same region
Apollo 15 did. So far, it’s still too early to say how
many of the finalists will make it to the Moon by Google’s deadline, but if any of
them clinch that grand prize, it’ll open up a totally new phase of lunar exploration. The jury’s still out on X-PRIZE, but we
do know about one spacecraft that will definitely reach its target next year: OSIRIS-REx, which
will arrive at the asteroid Bennu this August. Asteroids are left over from when the solar
system formed, and are basically unchanged records of the solar system from 4.5 billion
years ago. We can occasionally study them when meteorites
hit Earth, but OSIRIS-REx will go straight to the source, collecting a sample and bringing
it home. It launched back in September 2016 and has
been making its way to Bennu, which is located between
Earth and Mars, ever since. When it gets there in August, it’ll spend
a year mapping potential sampling sites before approaching the surface
and blasting Bennu with nitrogen, which will dislodge rocks
and dust to be captured. Bennu is a rare, primitive type of asteroid
that’s chock full of carbon. It’s expected to have organic molecules
and water-containing clays, and OSIRIS-REx will be able to confirm those hypotheses. It will also study how Bennu’s momentum
changes as it rotates and emits heat, which will help scientists understand its long-term
trajectory. That’s important because, over a century
from now, Bennu could hit Earth, although it’s a slim chance, so, you probably don’t
need to worry too much about your, like, potential grandkids. OSIRIS-REx won’t return to Earth until 2023,
so like a lot of science missions, we’ll have to wait a few years before we get all
that juicy data. But luckily for us, there are way more missions
running through 2018 and beyond, so we’ll have plenty to tell you about in the upcoming
year. Thank you for watching this episode of SciShow
Space! If you would like to keep learning about the
universe with us next year, you can do that! Just go to youtube.com/scishowspace and subscribe. [♪ OUTRO]

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Comments

  1. I like how you devoiced the u in hakuto. Perfect middle ground between pronouncing it properly, and sounding natural by keeping your normal accent 🙂

  2. If the asteroid belt is there because the disruption of Jupiter's gravity stopped a planet's accretion how can we be sure that the material is the remnants from the disc that formed the planets if Jupiter formed closer to the Sun and then migrated outwards?

  3. Wow, so not only do we know the layers of our own planet (of which we haven't dug farther than 8 miles within), but we even know the layers of other planets? Crazy how much can be sold as fact through inferences.

  4. You really really really should've put the Falcon Heavy launch next January on that list. I mean, the side boosters are previously flown Falcon 9 stages, it will be the most powerful rocket to launch since the Saturn V, all those boosters will attempt a landing again and the bloody thing takes Elon's Tesla Roadster to Mars. MARS. MARS That deserves some mentioning, right?

  5. So by removing mass from the asteroid…it be funny if that was enough mass loss to alter its course for a definitive impact on Earth.

  6. Just 5 meters?!? they need to send Bruce Willis and his buddies to drill further…………. then put a nuke and really do a good job in opening it up.

  7. Hey, can I just say I really appreciate you guys doing these preview videos every year. Before following Sci-Show Space I would hear about space missions and their names tended to run together and I would confuse missions and generally not feel like I understood what was going on. Now that I've started watching your year-mission previews, I feel like when I later hear a name of a mission I have just enough context in my brain that it sticks with me and I can remember it better. So it's a small thing maybe, but it really helps me out a lot.

  8. Could you guys talk about the bus-sized asteroid that just missed us this week? It’s kind of terrifying and I’d like to know more about it. Please and thank you

  9. I think you guys forgot about the launch of the James Webb space telescope slated for launch late in 2018. That is a much bigger news than anything else that you included.

  10. Hey, I am a native Hindi speaker!! I translate that sentence in 3:17. It's written 'A Very Small Hope'.

    Yeah that's dope.

  11. I think we should try to redirect its trajectory to try and capture it in orbit around earth 😀 Then we'll have something to practice mining on before deep space projects

  12. Whats scary is that some Space Terrorist or NoKo might acquire a rocket and target specific satelites to initiate Kessler Syndrome.
    https://youtu.be/X-QSZhh_YWg

  13. Just one more mission to Mars, some dull asteroid… And that contest doesn't sound very exciting.
    After Dawn, New Horizons, arrival of Juno and the end of Cassini in preceding years this one will be boring.

  14. I genuinely believe that gas giants come too close to a star depending on the density level and chemical structure it creates a smaller solid planet but I'm probably very very wrong about that.

  15. Hey scishow, the Hebrew credits in 2:37 are written the wrong way around. I believe you were going for
    אמא של גולן 😕

  16. I'm getting sick of hearing about Mars. I think they should be going for one of the icy moons to try and find life under the ice.

  17. So glad to see news about the Lunar X-PRIZE.
    I spent a year working with Team Hakuto as an exchange student so I'm cheering for them =)

  18. When is The James Webb Telescope supposed to launch? I know it was originally in like 2011 or something but isn't it supposed to launch in 2018?

  19. while talking about israel's space program to the moon, one might observe in the picture credit some strange hebrew letters down to the left – they literally mean in translation "Golan's mama". and not in a friendly way. I myself find it amusing but you should better check next time for hidden profanities……. 🙂

  20. And watch, Rex is gonna crash into Bennu, causing a slight, slight variation in its gravity, which is going to alter its path enough that it will indeed hit us on its next pass in about a decade. Revenge for the 'beam attack' we are going to do.

  21. Thanks for all the awesome video's this year. I look forward to all your new content!
    Greetings from The Netherlands and happy new years!

  22. i currently work for union pacific railroad. In the future there better be a logistics program/company that has the name Lunar Specific . just sayin

  23. Ah Americans, you guys are so funny. The world's police on democracy. The country that spends more time telling every other country In the world how great they are. And that all other forms of democracy is flawed. Until now. 😂😂😂 well the rest of the world has just one thing to say, 😂😂😂eh, ah, enjoy Trump. Enjoy your perfect democracy. 😂😂😂😂 and while u are sitting there wondering just how fucked u are. Think of this. The best opposition your country of 250m plus people, could muster. Was a withering old war mongering hag. I don't know what's worse. The fact that trump won. Or the fact that you wanted her to win. 🤣🤣🤣🤣😂🤣😂

  24. Hank,
    Nice video but a bit too US-centric. Here are some other missions in 2018:

    India: Chandrayaan 2 lunar orbiter and lander
    Japan: Hayabusa 2 reaches the asteroid Ryugu
    Europe: BepiColombo Mercury orbiter launches
    China: Chang'e 4 lunar farside lander

  25. Another excellent video.  I have a suggestion, how about a video on the Drake equation that plugs in all of the numbers based on our best findings to date?  A little history on the numbers would be great to throw in too.

  26. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed for participation in: A: The Los Alamos Spy Ring or B: The Portland Spy Ring or C: the Ottawa Spy Ring or D: The Sea Shepard Spy Ring?

  27. I know I'm responding super late and so sorry if this was laready mentioned, but your caption of the israeli lander has the letter order reversed

  28. They hide the truth from us! I found secret video from inside of Tesla Car! https://youtu.be/r7y1kjFmU4g

  29. Why dont we mine all of Bennu so we dont have to worry about the asteroid hitting us in the future! I mean it has a 0.037 chance of hitting in 2135, so we have over 100 years to do it, and it's only 500m long which is a bit taller than the empire state building. If a private company makes that there goal, its possible.

  30. I think the big problem to solve is propulsion. We are limited by planetary alignments and orbits lining up. We should not have to wait 26 months to explore a given planet because fuel is such a problem in space.

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