Hans Rosling’s 200 Countries, 200 Years, 4 Minutes – The Joy of Stats – BBC Four


Visualization is right at the heart of my own work – I teach global health And I know having the data is not enough. I have to show it in ways people both enjoy and understand Now, I’m going to try something I’ve never done before Now, I’m going to try something I’ve never done before animating the data in real space With a bit of technical assistance from the crew So here we go first an axis for health life Expectancy from 25 years to 75 years and down here an axis for wealth income per person four hundred four thousand and $40,000 so down here is poor and sick and up here is rich and healthy Now I’m going to show you the world 200 years ago in 1810 here come over countries Europe Brown Asia Red Middle East Queens Africa south of sahara blue and the americas yellow And the size of the country bubbles showed the size of the population and in 1810 It was pretty crowded down there wasn’t it all countries were sick and poor life Expectancy were below 40 in all countries and only the UK and the Netherlands were slightly better off But not much, and now I start the world The Industrial Revolution makes countries in Europe and elsewhere Move away from the rest, but the colonized countries in Asia and Africa. They are stuck down there and eventually the Western countries get healthier and healthier And now we slow down to show the impact of the First World War and the Spanish flu epidemic What a catastrophe? and now I speed up through the 1920s and the 1930s and in spite of the Great Depression Western countries forge on towards greater wealth and health Japan and some others try to follow But most countries stay down here now After the tragedies of the Second World War we stop a bit to look at the world in 1948 1948 was a great year the war was over Sweden topped the medal table at the Winter Olympics, and I was born But the differences between the countries of the world was wider than ever The United States was in the front Japan was catching up Brazil was way behind Iran was getting a little richer from oil, but still had short lives and the Asian giants China India Pakistan Bangladesh and Indonesia they were still poor and sick down here But look what is about to happen here. We go again in my lifetime former colonies gained independence, and then finally they started to get healthier and healthier and healthier and in the 1970s then countries in Asia Latin America started to catch up with the Western countries they became the Emerging economies some in Africa follows some Africans were stuck in civil war and others hit by HIV And now we can see the world today in the most up-to-date statistics Most people today live in the middle But there are huge difference at the same time between the best of countries and the worst of countries and there are also huge Inequalities within countries these bubbles show country averages, but I can split them take China I can split it into provinces There goes Shanghai It has the same wealth and health as Italy today, and there is the poor in line problems Why show it is like Pakistan, and if I split it further the rural parts are like Ghana in Africa and Yet despite the enormous disparities today. We have seen 200 years of remarkable progress That huge historical gap between the west and the rest is now closing we have become an entirely new Converging world and I see a clear trend into the future with aid trade green technology and peace It’s fully possible that everyone can make it to the healthy wealthy corner Well what you have seen in the last few minutes is a story of two hundred countries shown over two hundred years and Beyond it involves plotting a 120,000 numbers pretty neat

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Comments

  1. his video was on of the best data story that's ever been told. His contributions to data storytelling and global health will be remembered long into the future.

  2. 'That historical gap between the west and the rest is now closing. We have become an entirely new converging world.' Seems to me the data clearly says the exact opposite. Inequality is rampant.

  3. Wow das war großartig sanke schön für das tolle Video und der großartigen Erklärung Hans.

  4. Where are his sources for collecting data from congo in 1812. Lol, I am not a blind believer. This video is good for visualization. But to cunningly brainwash people with little or no sources mentioned? Speaks for itself

  5. WTF is up with that one European country that raced to the bottom life expectancy in 1942 at 2:10? What happened?

  6. I have personally used Gapminder in the past and it is such a cool way to visualize many forms of data. Hans Rosling only showed us a tiny fraction of what Gapminder can do!!

  7. Vaya mierda. A partir de 2009 ¿Qué pasa con los jóvenes de menos de 40 años? Conclusión, jóvenes pobres, viejos ricos.

  8. Inspired by Hans Rosling, I made a video about how the world is better than we think:
    https://youtu.be/8DN8jKeBovc

    Consider checking it out!:)

  9. I first viewed this in 2010 and found it anew as I searched for old correspondence with a colleague of mine. Still very useful to view.

  10. rip hans rosling, great video represent on stats of lie span and income through out the years, in different countries. this really showed me I had it going good for my self and I shouldn't take advantage of my life.

  11. I watched this video because we were suppose to do it for our assignment. Anyways, this video has an amazing effort and after watching this video I personally feel like the complete population of this Universe, really need to know that a highly populated and wealthy world where individuals are able to make whatever they demand because they have enough money to buy it and linear economies that ignore waste streams in their production life cycles is totally untenable

  12. Just means $40,000 won't be worth as much as it is in 2009. Right now it's 2019 and $1,000,000 is considered the proper wage for a good life in America. Back in the 1810's $1,000,000 was worth a fortune, but now it's just the price of a bungalow house in some parts of the world.

  13. It took almost 50 years for many countries in the rest of the world to attain the level of the USA in 1948! And now Americans still think the country is in need of a saviour…

  14. Anyone know or have a guess which European country dipped way way down in life expectancy in 1940ish and bounced back a lot at the end of the war? England, Germany?

  15. Does anybody know if this data is public? For my wife's college statistics class. I have to sell her on it. Countries with life expectancy and income plotted. Population as another dimension. Time as another dimension. Colors for the continents, as a way to look for patterns. This could be a good exercise for a statistics introduction.

  16. Well done! I would love to see a presentation just like this one but that also updates the definition of "Wealthy" as it goes to account for inflation.

  17. Good but I'm sad because I'm from Nigeria in Sub Saharan Africa, and all our countries are at the bottom after so many years

  18. Average life expectancy is terrible. It gives the impression that most people in the past died young. If you have higher proportions of infant and senior mortality then the value of life expectancy will be lower, eg: in Ancient Rome, one quarter of children died before their 1st birthday and another quarter died before their 10th. 6-8% of the population was OAP, compared to today where it’s 20%. Despite these 2 highly vulnerable stages of life, most people lived as long as we do today, including a handful of centenarians!

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